South Africa’s Department of Water and Sanitation has reiterated its call to coal mines in Mpumalanga, especially in the Highveld area, to stop polluting water resources or face the consequences.
Water and Sanitation Deputy Minister David Mahlobo recently estimated
that coal mines have polluted 90% of groundwater in the Highveld region
“This is a gross violation of the National Water Act and displays a
sheer sense of insensitivity to other water users. Greed for profit has
become a norm among the transgressors,” Mahlobo said.
The negligence of a disused mine near Siyanqoba settlement in
Emalahleni recently has resulted in the death of three youths in two
separate incidents. The incidents raised the ire of the local
community, who took to the streets demanding government action.
The department said that matter has since been referred to the
Department of Mineral Resources for investigation, as it relates to
actions around mine closure procedures.
According to Mahlobo, the problem of ageing water infrastructure is also a big problem in Mpumalanga.
“Pipes that are made of asbestos cover a distance of 900 km to
reticulate water from one area to the other. Invariably, this leads to
regular pipe bursts that result in thousands of kilolitres of water
going to waste. Infrastructure needs a major overhaul to avert the
waste of the precious resource,” Mahlobo said.
South Africa is a water-scarce country that was classified by the
World Bank as among 30 countries in the world that risk becoming arid
unless vigorous water saving programmes are introduced.
The country receives about 450 millilitres of annual rainfall, which is half the average rainfall received in other continents.
According to the department’s weekly report on dam levels, Mpumalanga
this week stored 1 679.7 cubic metres of water in its reservoirs.
However, the department stressed that the figure doesn’t mean there aren’t water challenges in the province.
“There are still a few regions experiencing acute water shortages.
The report puts the latest dam levels in the province at 66.2%, an 11%
drop compared to the same period last year. The need to continue using
water sparingly remains paramount,” the department said.
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